Difference between revisions of "Help:Links"

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m (1 revision: Importing MediaWiki's PD Help pages from mediawiki.org.)
(Remove a ton of translation stuff.)
 
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{{TNT|PD Help Page}}
 
<languages/>
 
<translate>
 
<!--T:1-->
 
 
There are five types of links in MediaWiki:  
 
There are five types of links in MediaWiki:  
  
<!--T:2-->
 
 
# '''[[#Internal links|Internal links]]''' to other pages in the wiki
 
# '''[[#Internal links|Internal links]]''' to other pages in the wiki
 
# '''[[#External links|External links]]''' to other websites
 
# '''[[#External links|External links]]''' to other websites
 
# '''[[#External links to internal pages|External links to internal pages]]''' in the wiki
 
# '''[[#External links to internal pages|External links to internal pages]]''' in the wiki
 
# '''[[#Interwiki links|Interwiki links]]''' to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
 
# '''[[#Interwiki links|Interwiki links]]''' to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
# '''[[#Interlanguage links|Interlanguage links]]''' to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki</translate>
+
# '''[[#Interlanguage links|Interlanguage links]]''' to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki
  
 
{{Anchor|Internal}}
 
{{Anchor|Internal}}
<translate>
+
== Internal links ==
== Internal links == <!--T:3-->
 
  
<!--T:4-->
 
 
To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red.
 
To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red.
 
Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold.
 
Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold.
 
(If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or <nowiki>[[#top|current page]]</nowiki> which always links to the top.)
 
(If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or <nowiki>[[#top|current page]]</nowiki> which always links to the top.)
  
<!--T:5-->
 
 
The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).
 
The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).
  
</translate>
 
  
 
{| border="1" class="wikitable"
 
{| border="1" class="wikitable"
!<translate><!--T:6-->
+
!
Description</translate>
+
Description
!<translate><!--T:7-->
+
!
You type</translate>
+
You type
!<translate><!--T:8-->
+
!
You get</translate>
+
You get
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:9-->
+
|
Internal link</translate>
+
Internal link
 
|<pre>[[Main Page]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Main Page]]</pre>
 
|[[Main Page]]
 
|[[Main Page]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:10-->
+
|
Piped link</translate>
+
Piped link
 
|<pre>[[Main Page|different text]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Main Page|different text]]</pre>
<translate><!--T:11-->
+
 
See also {{mediawiki|Meta:Help:Piped link}}</translate>
+
See also {{mediawiki|Meta:Help:Piped link}}
 
|[[Main Page|different text]]
 
|[[Main Page|different text]]
 
|-
 
|-
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[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]
 
[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
<translate><!--T:12-->
+
The pipe trick quickly makes shorter link text, but could be confusing in circumstances like the DynamicPageList link examples.
The pipe trick quickly makes shorter link text, but could be confusing in circumstances like the DynamicPageList link examples.</translate>
 
 
|[[Help:Contents|Contents]]
 
|[[Help:Contents|Contents]]
  
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[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|DynamicPageList]]
 
[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|DynamicPageList]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<span id="linktrail"></span><translate><!--T:13-->
+
|<span id="linktrail"></span>
Word-ending links, following so called "linktrail rules" [[Localisation|localised]] per [[MessagesXx.php|each language]]</translate>
+
Word-ending links, following so called "linktrail rules" [[Localisation|localised]] per [[MessagesXx.php|each language]]
 
|<pre>
 
|<pre>
 
[[Help]]s
 
[[Help]]s
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[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere
 
[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:14-->
+
|
Avoiding word-ending links</translate>
+
Avoiding word-ending links
 
|<pre>
 
|<pre>
 
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice
 
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice
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[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3
 
[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:15-->
+
|
Redirect</translate>
+
Redirect
 
|<pre>#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]</pre>
 
|<pre>#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]</pre>
<translate><!--T:16-->
+
 
See also [[Help:Redirects]]</translate>
+
See also [[Help:Redirects]]
 
| &rarr; [[Main Page]]
 
| &rarr; [[Main Page]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:17-->
+
|
Internal link to an anchor</translate>
+
Internal link to an anchor
 
|<pre>[[#See also]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[#See also]]</pre>
 
[[Help:Formatting|Section headings]] and the [[#top|top]] of the page are automatically anchored.
 
[[Help:Formatting|Section headings]] and the [[#top|top]] of the page are automatically anchored.
 
|[[#See also]]
 
|[[#See also]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:18-->
+
|
Internal link to an anchor from different text</translate>
+
Internal link to an anchor from different text
 
|<pre>[[#See also|different text]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[#See also|different text]]</pre>
 
|[[#See also|different text]]
 
|[[#See also|different text]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:19-->
+
|
Setting an internal link anchor</translate>
+
Setting an internal link anchor
 
|<pre><div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div></pre>
 
|<pre><div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div></pre>
 
Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.
 
Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.
 
|<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>
 
|<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:20-->
+
|
Internal link to an anchor at another page</translate>
+
Internal link to an anchor at another page
 
|<pre>[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]</pre>
 
|[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
 
|[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:21-->
+
|
Internal link to the current page's talk page</translate>
+
Internal link to the current page's talk page
 
|<pre>[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]</pre>
<translate><!--T:22-->
+
 
See also [[Help:Magic_words#Page_names]]</translate>
+
See also [[Help:Magic_words#Page_names]]
 
|[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]
 
|[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:23-->
+
|
Internal link to a subpage</translate>
+
Internal link to a subpage
 
|<pre>[[/example]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[/example]]</pre>
 
Shortcut for <code><nowiki>[[Help:Links/example|/example]]</nowiki></code>. See also [[Help:Subpages]].
 
Shortcut for <code><nowiki>[[Help:Links/example|/example]]</nowiki></code>. See also [[Help:Subpages]].
 
|[[Help:Links/example|/example]]
 
|[[Help:Links/example|/example]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:24-->
+
 
Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash</translate>
+
Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash
 
|<pre>[[/example/]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[/example/]]</pre>
 
Shortcut for <code><nowiki>[[Help:Links/example|example]]</nowiki></code>.
 
Shortcut for <code><nowiki>[[Help:Links/example|example]]</nowiki></code>.
 
|[[Help:Links/example|example]]
 
|[[Help:Links/example|example]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:25-->
+
|
Internal link to a category page</translate>
+
Internal link to a category page
 
|<pre>[[:Category:Help]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[:Category:Help]]</pre>
<translate><!--T:26-->
+
 
See also [[Help:Categories]]</translate>
+
See also [[Help:Categories]]
 
|[[:Category:Help]]
 
|[[:Category:Help]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:27-->
+
|
Internal link to an image or a file of other types</translate>
+
Internal link to an image or a file of other types
 
|<pre>[[media:example.jpg]]
 
|<pre>[[media:example.jpg]]
  
 
[[media:example.pdf]]</pre>
 
[[media:example.pdf]]</pre>
<translate><!--T:28-->
+
 
See also [[Help:Images]]</translate>
+
See also [[Help:Images]]
 
|[[media:example.jpg]]
 
|[[media:example.jpg]]
  
 
[[media:example.pdf]]
 
[[media:example.pdf]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:29-->
+
|
Internal link to the user's user page</translate>
+
Internal link to the user's user page
 
|<pre>[[Special:MyPage]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Special:MyPage]]</pre>
 
|[[Special:MyPage]]
 
|[[Special:MyPage]]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:30-->
+
|
Internal link to the user's talk page</translate>
+
Internal link to the user's talk page
 
|<pre>[[Special:MyTalk]]</pre>
 
|<pre>[[Special:MyTalk]]</pre>
 
|[[Special:MyTalk]]
 
|[[Special:MyTalk]]
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{{Anchor|External}}
 
{{Anchor|External}}
<translate>
+
== External links ==
== External links == <!--T:31-->
+
 
  
<!--T:32-->
 
 
To add an external link, enclose the URL followed by space and the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site.
 
To add an external link, enclose the URL followed by space and the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site.
</translate>
+
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
!style="width:15%"|<translate><!--T:33-->
+
!style="width:15%"|
Description</translate>
+
Description
!style="width:45%"|<translate><!--T:34-->
+
!style="width:45%"|
You type</translate>
+
You type
!style="width:40%"|<translate><!--T:35-->
+
!style="width:40%"|
You get</translate>
+
You get
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:36-->
+
|
External link</translate>
+
External link
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki></tt>
 
|http://mediawiki.org
 
|http://mediawiki.org
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:37-->
+
|
External link with different label</translate>
+
External link with different label
 
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
 
|[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:38-->
+
|
Numbered external link</translate>
+
Numbered external link
 
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org]</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>[http://mediawiki.org]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[http://mediawiki.org]
 
|[http://mediawiki.org]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:39-->
+
|
External links with file icons</translate>
+
External links with file icons
 
|<tt><nowiki>
 
|<tt><nowiki>
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]
 
</nowiki></tt>
 
</nowiki></tt>
<small><translate><!--T:40-->
+
<small>
See [[#External link icons]] for currently supported icons and extensions.</translate></small>
+
See [[#External link icons]] for currently supported icons and extensions.</small>
 
|
 
|
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]<br/>
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]<br/>
Line 219: Line 208:
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]<br/>
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]<br/>
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:41-->
+
|
External link to the same host</translate>
+
External link to the same host
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename</nowiki></tt>
 
|http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
 
|http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:42-->
+
|
External link to other host passing the pagename</translate>
+
External link to other host passing the pagename
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}</nowiki></tt><br />
 
|<tt><nowiki>http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}</nowiki></tt><br />
 
See also: [[Help:Magic_words#URL_encoded_page_names | URL encoded page names]], [[Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding|PAGENAMEE encoding]]
 
See also: [[Help:Magic_words#URL_encoded_page_names | URL encoded page names]], [[Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding|PAGENAMEE encoding]]
 
|http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}
 
|http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:43-->
+
|
Mailto link</translate>
+
Mailto link
 
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org email me]</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org email me]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[mailto:info@example.org email me]
 
|[mailto:info@example.org email me]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:44-->
+
|
Mailto named with subject line and body</translate>
+
Mailto named with subject line and body
 
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&amp;body=Body%20Text info]</nowiki></tt>
 
|<tt><nowiki>[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&amp;body=Body%20Text info]</nowiki></tt>
 
|[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
 
|[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
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{{Anchor|External-to-internal}}
 
{{Anchor|External-to-internal}}
<translate>
 
=== External links to internal pages === <!--T:45-->
 
  
<!--T:46-->
+
=== External links to internal pages ===
 +
 
 +
 
 
To add a link to a page on the same wiki using [[w:URI scheme | URL query parameters]], you may need to use external link syntax.  
 
To add a link to a page on the same wiki using [[w:URI scheme | URL query parameters]], you may need to use external link syntax.  
</translate>
+
 
  
 
{| border="1" class="wikitable"
 
{| border="1" class="wikitable"
!<translate><!--T:47-->
+
!
Description</translate>
+
Description
!<translate><!--T:48-->
+
!
You type</translate>
+
You type
!<translate><!--T:49-->
+
!
You get</translate>
+
You get
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:50-->
+
|
External link to the current page's edit page</translate>
+
External link to the current page's edit page
 
|<pre>[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</pre>
 
|<pre>[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</pre>
 
|[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]
 
|[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:51-->
+
|
External link to the current page's edit page using the [[Help:Magic_words#URL_data | fullurl parser function]]</translate>
+
External link to the current page's edit page using the [[Help:Magic_words#URL_data | fullurl parser function]]
 
|<pre>[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]</pre>
 
|<pre>[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]</pre>
<translate><!--T:52-->
+
 
See also [[Help:Magic_words#URL_data]] and [[#External links]]</translate>
+
See also [[Help:Magic_words#URL_data]] and [[#External links]]
 
|[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]
 
|[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]
 
|-
 
|-
|<translate><!--T:53-->
+
|
External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link</translate>
+
External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link
 
|<pre><span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span></pre>
 
|<pre><span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span></pre>
<translate><!--T:54-->
+
 
The [[Plainlinks | plainlinks class]] can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.</translate>
+
The [[Plainlinks | plainlinks class]] can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>
 
|}
 
|}
  
<translate>
+
=== External link icons ===  
=== External link icons === <!--T:55-->
 
</translate>
 
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! <translate><!--T:56-->
+
!
Test link</translate> !! <translate><!--T:57-->
+
Test link !!
Icon</translate> !! <translate><!--T:58-->
+
Icon !!
Trigger</translate>
+
Trigger
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [http://.] || [http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.17/vector/images/external-link-ltr-icon.png external-link-ltr-icon.png] || <code>http://</code>, <code>gopher://</code>
 
| [http://.] || [http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.17/vector/images/external-link-ltr-icon.png external-link-ltr-icon.png] || <code>http://</code>, <code>gopher://</code>
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|}
 
|}
  
<translate>
+
=== How to avoid auto-links ===
=== How to avoid auto-links === <!--T:59-->
 
  
<!--T:60-->
 
 
When you put a URL on a wiki page it will be automatically converted into an external link, like this:
 
When you put a URL on a wiki page it will be automatically converted into an external link, like this:
</translate>
+
 
  
 
http://mediawiki.org
 
http://mediawiki.org
  
<translate>
 
<!--T:61-->
 
 
To avoid that effect, put the URL between <tvar|1><code>&lt;nowiki&gt;</code></> tags, like this:
 
To avoid that effect, put the URL between <tvar|1><code>&lt;nowiki&gt;</code></> tags, like this:
</translate>
+
 
  
 
<pre>&lt;nowiki&gt;http://mediawiki.org&lt;/nowiki&gt;</pre>
 
<pre>&lt;nowiki&gt;http://mediawiki.org&lt;/nowiki&gt;</pre>
  
<translate><!--T:62-->
+
To get this:
To get this:</translate>
 
  
 
<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>
 
<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>
  
 
{{Anchor|Interwiki}}
 
{{Anchor|Interwiki}}
<translate>
+
== Interwiki links ==
== Interwiki links == <!--T:63-->
 
  
<!--T:64-->
 
 
Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>, which will result in a link [[wikipedia:Sunflower]]. This is because <code><nowiki>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/</nowiki></code> is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of <code>wikipedia</code>. (''This link may not work properly if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.'') Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.  
 
Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code>, which will result in a link [[wikipedia:Sunflower]]. This is because <code><nowiki>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/</nowiki></code> is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of <code>wikipedia</code>. (''This link may not work properly if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.'') Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.  
  
<!--T:65-->
 
 
Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]]</nowiki></code> is the link [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] and <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|]]</nowiki></code> is the link [[wikipedia:Sunflower|Sunflower]].
 
Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]]</nowiki></code> is the link [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] and <code><nowiki>[[wikipedia:Sunflower|]]</nowiki></code> is the link [[wikipedia:Sunflower|Sunflower]].
  
<!--T:66-->
 
 
Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as  <code><nowiki>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower]</nowiki></code>.
 
Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as  <code><nowiki>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower]</nowiki></code>.
  
<!--T:67-->
 
 
More details are at {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki}} and [[m:Help:Interwiki linking]]. See the [https://git.wikimedia.org/blob/mediawiki%2Fcore//maintenance%2Finterwiki.list default interwiki prefixes]. To edit the {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki table|interwiki table}} on your site, see the {{mediawiki|Extension:Interwiki|Interwiki extension}}.
 
More details are at {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki}} and [[m:Help:Interwiki linking]]. See the [https://git.wikimedia.org/blob/mediawiki%2Fcore//maintenance%2Finterwiki.list default interwiki prefixes]. To edit the {{mediawiki|Manual:Interwiki table|interwiki table}} on your site, see the {{mediawiki|Extension:Interwiki|Interwiki extension}}.
  
=== Interlanguage links === <!--T:68-->
+
=== Interlanguage links ===
  
<!--T:69-->
 
 
If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the [[Help:Navigation#Sidebar|sidebar]], just below [[Help:Navigation#Toolbox|toolbox]] in the box named “{{lcfirst:{{int:otherlanguages}}}}.”
 
If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the [[Help:Navigation#Sidebar|sidebar]], just below [[Help:Navigation#Toolbox|toolbox]] in the box named “{{lcfirst:{{int:otherlanguages}}}}.”
  
<!--T:70-->
 
 
Interlanguage links behave similarly to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type <code><nowiki>[[</nowiki>''language prefix'':pagename]]</code> wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the [[wikipedia:List of ISO 639-1 codes|ISO 639-1 language code]]).
 
Interlanguage links behave similarly to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type <code><nowiki>[[</nowiki>''language prefix'':pagename]]</code> wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the [[wikipedia:List of ISO 639-1 codes|ISO 639-1 language code]]).
  
<!--T:71-->
 
 
If you want to make the interlanguage link appear in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, you can add a colon before the language prefix:
 
If you want to make the interlanguage link appear in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, you can add a colon before the language prefix:
 
:<code><nowiki>[[:en:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code> &rarr; '''[[:en:Sunflower]]'''
 
:<code><nowiki>[[:en:Sunflower]]</nowiki></code> &rarr; '''[[:en:Sunflower]]'''
  
<!--T:72-->
 
 
When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, the order is '''[[wikipedia:en:Sunflower]]'''.
 
When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, the order is '''[[wikipedia:en:Sunflower]]'''.
  
== See also == <!--T:73-->
+
== See also ==
  
<!--T:74-->
 
 
* [[Help:Linked images|Linked images]]
 
* [[Help:Linked images|Linked images]]
* [[meta:Help:Links]]
+
* [[metawikipedia:Help:Links]]
  
</translate>
 
  
[[Category:Help{{langcat|Links}}|Links]]
+
[[Category:Help|Links]]
[[Category:Link{{langcat|Links}}|Links]]
+
[[Category:Link|Links]]

Latest revision as of 15:36, 19 March 2014

There are five types of links in MediaWiki:

  1. Internal links to other pages in the wiki
  2. External links to other websites
  3. External links to internal pages in the wiki
  4. Interwiki links to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
  5. Interlanguage links to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki

Internal links

To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red. Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold. (If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or [[#top|current page]] which always links to the top.)

The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).


Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash

Description

You type

You get

Internal link

[[Main Page]]
Main Page

Piped link

[[Main Page|different text]]

See also Meta:Help:Piped link

different text
Pipe trick
[[Help:Contents|]]

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]

The pipe trick quickly makes shorter link text, but could be confusing in circumstances like the DynamicPageList link examples.

Contents

John Doe

DynamicPageList

DynamicPageList

Word-ending links, following so called "linktrail rules" localised per each language

[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpalmostanylettersyoulikehere

Avoiding word-ending links

[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

Redirect

#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

See also Help:Redirects

Main Page

Internal link to an anchor

[[#See also]]

Section headings and the top of the page are automatically anchored.

#See also

Internal link to an anchor from different text

[[#See also|different text]]
different text

Setting an internal link anchor

<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>

Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.

optional text

Internal link to an anchor at another page

[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images

Internal link to the current page's talk page

[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

See also Help:Magic_words#Page_names

Discussion

Internal link to a subpage

[[/example]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|/example]]. See also Help:Subpages.

/example
[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example

Internal link to a category page

[[:Category:Help]]

See also Help:Categories

Category:Help

Internal link to an image or a file of other types

[[media:example.jpg]]

[[media:example.pdf]]

See also Help:Images

media:example.jpg

media:example.pdf

Internal link to the user's user page

[[Special:MyPage]]
Special:MyPage

Internal link to the user's talk page

[[Special:MyTalk]]
Special:MyTalk

External links

To add an external link, enclose the URL followed by space and the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site.

Description

You type

You get

External link

http://mediawiki.org http://mediawiki.org

External link with different label

[http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki] MediaWiki

Numbered external link

[http://mediawiki.org] [1]

External links with file icons

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

See #External link icons for currently supported icons and extensions.

video
sound
document

External link to the same host

http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename http://wiki.soylentnews.org/pagename

External link to other host passing the pagename

http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}

See also: URL encoded page names, PAGENAMEE encoding

http://google.com/search?q=Links

Mailto link

[mailto:info@example.org email me] email me

Mailto named with subject line and body

[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info] info

External links to internal pages

To add a link to a page on the same wiki using URL query parameters, you may need to use external link syntax.


Description

You type

You get

External link to the current page's edit page

[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]
Edit this page

External link to the current page's edit page using the fullurl parser function

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

See also Help:Magic_words#URL_data and #External links

Edit this page

External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link

<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>

The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.

Edit this page

External link icons

Test link !! Icon !! Trigger

[2] external-link-ltr-icon.png http://, gopher://
[3] lock-icon.png https://
[4] mail-icon.png mailto:
[5] news-icon.png news://
[6] file-icon.png ftp://
[7] talk-icon.png irc://
[8] audio-icon.png .ogg, .mid, .midi, .mp3, .wav, .wma
[9] video-icon.png .ogm, .avi, .mpeg, .mpg
[10] document-icon.png .pdf, .pdf#, .pdf?

How to avoid auto-links

When you put a URL on a wiki page it will be automatically converted into an external link, like this:


http://mediawiki.org

To avoid that effect, put the URL between <tvar|1><nowiki></> tags, like this:


<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

To get this:

http://mediawiki.org

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This is because http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of wikipedia. (This link may not work properly if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.) Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] is the link big yellow flower and [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] is the link Sunflower.

Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower].

More details are at Manual:Interwiki and m:Help:Interwiki linking. See the default interwiki prefixes. To edit the interwiki table on your site, see the Interwiki extension.

Interlanguage links

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the sidebar, just below toolbox in the box named “in other languages.”

Interlanguage links behave similarly to interwiki links, except that they are listed in the sidebar. To create an interlanguage link from a page, just type [[language prefix:pagename]] wherever you like in the page; the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO 639-1 language code).

If you want to make the interlanguage link appear in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, you can add a colon before the language prefix:

[[:en:Sunflower]]en:Sunflower

When a link is both interwiki and interlanguage, the order is wikipedia:en:Sunflower.

See also